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First of all, it is worth noting that the application for citizenship consists in the Department of Citizenship and Repatriation (Plac Bankowy). I initially went to the Office of Foreigners - but I asked the law firm, where I should go, and I was immediately sent to Plac Bankowy. However, remember that information on citizenship are widely available on many websites –all the steps you should take are really well described.

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Recognition as a Polish citizen is a one way of granting Polish citizenship. In contrast to citizenship given by the President – for which can apply all foreigners since the procedure does not require the fulfilment of any requirements – the Act on Polish citizenship shall indicate precisely the conditions for recognition as a Polish citizen (read more about Citizenship given by the President').

According to the art. no. 30 of the Act on Polish citizenship, a Polish citizen is:

  • a foreigner residing continuously on the Polish territory for at least three years on the basis of a permanent residence permit, permit for a long-term European Union resident or the right of permanent residence, who has a stable and regular source of income and legal title to occupied apartment (more in 'Legalization of a stay');
  • a foreigner residing continuously in Poland for at least 2 years on the basis of a permanent residence permit, permit for long-term European Union residence or the right of permanent residence, who:
    • is married to a Polish citizen for at least 3 years,
    • on or has no citizenship;
  • a foreigner residing continuously on the Polish territory for at least two years on the basis of a permanent residence permit obtained in relation to a refugee status granted in Poland;
  • a minor foreigner residing on the Polish territory on the basis of a permanent residence permit, permit for long-term European Union resident or the right of permanent residence, whose one of the parents is a Polish citizen and the other parent who has no Polish citizenship, has agreed to this recognition;
  • a minor foreigner staying in Poland on the basis of a permanent residence permit, permit for long-term European Union resident or the right of permanent residence, whose at least one of the parents has got restored Polish citizenship and the other parent who has no Polish citizenship, has agreed to this recognition;
  • a foreigner residing continuously and legally on Polish territory for at least 10 years, who meets the following conditions:
    • has a permanent residence permit, permit for a long-term European Union resident or permanent residence right,
    • has stable and regular source of income and legal title to occupied apartment in Poland;
  • a foreigner residing continuously on the Polish territory for at least two years on the basis of a permanent residence permit, obtained in a result of Polish origin.

As you can see from the above requirements, the recognition as a Polish citizen depends on the period of the stay in Poland. In addition, some groups of foreigners must prove stable and regular source of income and legal title to the premises.

There is one condition the same for all foreigners applying for recognition as a Polish citizen (with the exception of minor children), knowledge of Polish language is mandatory. The law does not indicate the level of proficiency, is requires however, that it was officially certified.

Recognition as a Polish citizen is on a request, which consists on the form to the provincial governor competent for the place of residence. The application shall include:

• the foreigner's data;

• address;

• information about the sources of income of the foreigner, place of residence, his professional achievements, political and social activities;

• spouse’s data;

• information whether the foreigner applied for Polish citizenship or had Polish citizenship in the past;

• justification.

Any requests, statements and documents, which were drawn up in a foreign language must be submitted together with their translation into Polish prepared or certified by a sworn translator or by a consul.

Voivode before the decision on recognition as a Polish citizen turns to the Head Commandant of the Police and the Head Officer of the Internal Security Agency for information relevant for the procedure and then prepares an opinion about the application.

If you have met all the requirements arising out of recognition as a Polish citizen and your stay is not a threat to national defence or national security, or the protection of public safety and order, the Voivode issues a positive decision. If you do not meet all the conditions the Voivode refuses to recognize us as a Polish citizen. You are entitled to appeal to the minister responsible for internal affairs, and you have a right to complaint to the regional administrative court. The procedure for recognition of as a Polish citizen takes place in accordance with the provisions of the Code of Administrative Procedure (more in 'Administrative Proceedings').

Legal basis:

1. Act of 2 April 2009 on Polish citizenship.

 

Comment

Projekt ‘MIEJSKI SYSTEM INFORMACYJNY I AKTYWIZACYJNY DLA MIGRANTÓW’ jest współfinansowany z Programu Krajowego Funduszu Azylu, Migracji i Integracji oraz budżetu państwa. Wyłączna odpowiedzialność spoczywa na autorze. Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za sposób wykorzystania udostępnionych informacji.

Projekt LOKALNE MIĘDZYSEKTOROWE POLITYKI NA RZECZ INTEGRACJI IMIGRANTÓW realizowany był w ramach programu Obywatele dla Demokracji, finansowanego z Funduszy EOG.

Projekt LOKALNE POLITYKI MIGRACYJNE - MIĘDZYNARODOWA WYMIANA DOŚWIADCZEŃ W ZARZĄDZANIU MIGRACJAMI W MIASTACH był współfinansowany ze środków Unii Europejskiej w ramach Europejskiego Funduszu na rzecz Integracji Obywateli Państw Trzecich oraz budżetu państwa. Wyłączna odpowiedzialność spoczywa na autorze. Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za sposób wykorzystania udostępnionych informacji.

Projekt LOKALNE MIĘDZYSEKTOROWE POLITYKI NA RZECZ INTEGRACJI IMIGRANTÓW był współfinansowany ze środków Unii Europejskiej w ramach Europejskiego Funduszu na rzecz Integracji Obywateli Państw Trzecich oraz budżetu państwa. Wyłączna odpowiedzialność spoczywa na autorze. Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za sposób wykorzystania udostępnionych informacji.

Projekt ‘WARSZAWSKIE CENTRUM WIELOKULTUROWE’ był współfinansowany ze środków Unii Europejskiej w ramach Europejskiego Funduszu na rzecz Integracji Obywateli Państw Trzecich oraz budżetu państwa. Wyłączna odpowiedzialność spoczywa na autorze. Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za sposób wykorzystania udostępnionych informacji.

LOKALNE MIĘDZYSEKTOROWE POLITYKI NA RZECZ INTEGRACJI IMIGRANTÓW Projekt realizowany był przy wsparciu Szwajcarii w ramach szwajcarskiego programu współpracy z nowymi krajami członkowskimi Unii Europejskiej.