President may give Polish citizenship – it’s the constitutional power – and freely decide who may become a Polish citizen.
All foreigners may apply to the President for Polish citizenship. There are no specific requirements that should be fulfilled in order to receive citizenship in this way. As it was beforementioned, the decision is made by the President and is completely voluntary. It is hard to say what should be included in the application, what to include in our CV to convince the President.
In practice, people who use this way of receiving citizenship usually do not meet the requirements for the recognition as a Polish citizen (more in Recognition as a Polish Citizen section). In such case this way is worth considering as it free of charge. President’s refusal does not block neither the recognition as a Polish Citizen procedure, nor the procedure of receiving the citizenship from the President.
Granting Polish citizenship is proceeded by an application. According to the article No. 20 of the Act on Polish citizenship, application for naturalization includes:
- foreigner’s personal data;
- residence address;
- information about foreigner’s parents and distant relatives, if they had Polish citizenship;
- information about having Polish citizenship in the past, its deprivation, and the date of acquiring citizenship of other country;
- information about foreigner’s source of income, professional experiences, political and social activity;
- information about Polish language acquaintance;
- personal data of foreigner’s spouse;
- information concerning previous applications for Polish citizenship;
The application for Polish citizenship is made with a form, on behalf of a Voivode or consul. Foreigners residing in Poland legally submit the application on behalf of a Viovode according to their place of stay. This does not include persons staying in Poland on the basis of a visa or within visa-free traffic, who – just like persons staying outside Poland – submit the application on behalf of a consul. The application can be made personally or by correspondence, but in the last case, our signature should be officially certified.
Photographs and documents authorizing our personal data, personal data of the spouse (if we remain married), source of our income, professional experience, information about political and social activity, documents concerning our parents and distant relatives (grandparents, great-grandparents) if they had a Polish citizenship in the past, and the information if we had the Polish citizenship in the past must be enclosed to the application. All applications, certifications and documents that were prepared in a foreigner language should be translated or certified by a sworn translator or consul.
If the application has not been completed, or some of the beforementioned documents are missing, Voivode (or consul) will call us to provide all missing items within 30 days from receiving the call. If we fail to complete the application form, the proposal would be left without recognition, and the procedure would be closed.
The complete application is hand over to the President on behalf of a minister according to internal affairs. The minister, before providing the President with the application, turns to the Head Commandant of the Police and the Head Officer of the Internal Security Agency for information relevant for the procedure and then prepares an opinion about the application.
The President grants Polish citizenship or refuses this right in a form of a decision (resolution). Such decision is not subjected to substantiation and in case of refusal, it is not liable to appellation. The act of citizenship granting, or information about refusal is provided by a Voivode or consul.
1. Act of 2 April 2009 on Polish citizenship.