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REGISTRATION OF STAY

EU citizens have the right to stay in Poland for a period of three months without any conditions or formalities related to registration of residence. They are obliged to have at that time a valid travel document or another document confirming identity and citizenship.

If foreigner’s stay on Polish territory will continue for a period longer than three months, an EU citizen is obliged to register the stay – on foreigner’s request. The application should be made in person, not later than the day following the expiration of three months from the date of entry into Polish territory. The application must be accompanied by documents or written statements confirming the fulfillment of conditions of a stay (these conditions depend on circumstances). When submitting the application a foreigner has to present a travel document or other document confirming identity and citizenship. The competent authority for the registration is a province governor, according to the place of residence of an EU citizen. Registrations results in obtaining a certificate of registration.

EU citizen has the right to stay for a period longer than three months if:

• a foreigner is an employee or is self-employed in Poland;

• a foreigner has health insurance and sufficient funds to cover every day costs and to support family members, so any of these persons are a burden for the social assistance;

• a foreigner is studying or is a participant of a vocational training in Poland;

• a foreigner is a spouse of a Polish citizen;

 

The same rules apply to a stay and registration of:

• nationals of a Member State of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) - parties to the Agreement on the European Economic Area,

• citizens of the Swiss Confederation.

 

Legal basis:
1. Set of 14 July 2006 on Entering the Polish Territory, Stay and Departure From the Territory of Nationals of the Member States of the European Union and Members of Their Families.

RIGHT TO PERMANENT RESIDENCE

EU citizen acquires the right of permanent residence after five years of continuous residence on the Polish territory.

In some cases EU citizen may receive the right to permanent residence before the end of 5 years period. This concerns:

• employees or self-employed persons at the time of completion of work or other gainful activity reached retirement age, or who have ceased performing work for early retirement, if earlier for a period of 12 months performed work or other gainful activity on the territory of Poland and they remained on this territory for a continuous period longer than 3 years;

• employees or self-employed persons, who stopped performing work or other gainful activity due to permanent incapacity to work, if they were on the territory continuously for a period longer than 2 years;

• employees or self-employed persons, who after 3 years of continuous residence and performing work or other gainful activity in Poland, are in parallel performing work or other gainful activity in another Member State where they return at least once a week.

 

To the abovementioned periods one may periods include:

• involuntary unemployment documented in the unemployment register kept by the poviat labour office;

• breaks or performing other gainful activities independently of the will of the abovementioned persons;

• temporary layoff  due to temporary inability to work due to illness or accident.

 

Stay on Polish territory is considered to be continuous if the breaks do not exceed a total of 6 months during a year. Stay on Polish territory is not interrupted due to a leave for a period longer than 6 months in case of:

• compulsory military service or

• important personal situation, especially pregnancy, childbirth, illness, studies, training, posting, which require staying outside Polish territory, provided that this period is not longer than 12 consecutive months.

 

EU citizen, who acquired permanent residence receive a document confirming the right to permanent residence. The issuing of such a document is at the request of a citizen of the EU, and must be submitted in person. When submitting an application for a document certifying the right of permanent residence the applicant has to present a valid travel document or other document confirming identity and citizenship.

To issuing of the document confirming the right of permanent residence shall be refused if:

• have not fulfilled the conditions for permanent residence, or

• a national of the EU on Polish territory constitutes a threat to national defense or national security or the protection of public safety and order.

Legal basis:
1. Set of 14 July 2006 on Entering the Polish Territory, Stay and Departure From the Territory of Nationals of the Member States of the European Union and Members of Their Families.

Comment

Какими должны быть условия проживания для получения гражданства?
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